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CALCULATION OF HYDRAULIC CONDUCTIVITY FROM SUCTION PERMEAMETER MEASUREMENTS

COOK F. J.
Soil Science: November 1991
Article: PDF Only

Suction permeameters are now commonly used for measuring unsaturated hydraulic properties of soil. The hydraulic conductivity (k) is calculated from the steady state flow rate of water through a core of soil which has a permeameter on the top and which is open to the atmosphere at the bottom. This arrangement means that a matric potential gradient exists across the core during steady state flow. An exact equation is derived to describe the steady state flow of water through the soil core, using k = Ks exp(αψ) as the relationship between ψ and k, where ψ is matric potential, Ks is saturated hydraulic conductivity and α is a soil parameter. The exact equation is rearranged to solve for k and α. The equation for α is not a closed form equation but can be solved by iteration. An iterative scheme is presented, and an example of its use given, k is calculated for a range of values of α and matric potential and compared with an approximate equation for calculating k. The results show that the approximate equation gives large errors if α > 20 m-1.

© Williams & Wilkins 1991. All Rights Reserved.