Recently, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Committee on Obstetric Practice encouraged the use of quantitative and cumulative assessment of maternal blood loss (QBL) as part of safety bundles for prevention of postpartum hemorrhage. The aim of this study was to determine whether our train-the-trainer QBL program improved process and patient outcomes.
In this pre-post interventional study, 26 “champions” participated in the QBL train-the-trainer program in preparation for patient safety bundle rollout. The multipart program included at least 3 simulated C-section hemorrhage scenarios and rapid-cycle debriefing. Champions used the curriculum for broad staff training for 2 months before safety bundle implementation.
Six months each of preintervention and postintervention data were collected from medical records of all qualified cases (N = 4413). Process outcomes were evaluated by comparing number of women who received QBL. Patient outcomes were evaluated by comparing blood transfusion rates and number of morbid cases (≥4 packed red blood cell units). χ2 test was used for analyses.
Review of medical records indicated that 99.8% of 2218 women received QBL posttraining compared with 16.6% of 2195 women receiving QBL before training (P = 0.0001.) Transfusion rates increased from 54.47 to 69.25 units/1000 mothers. The rate of morbid cases (≥4 red blood cell units) dropped from 2.13 to 0.48 cases/1000 mothers.
Our findings suggest the train-the-trainer QBL program was associated with improved process and decreased morbidity when implemented with a hemorrhage safety bundle. Further research is required to examine components of simulation-based QBL training methods and implementation to evaluate their impact on clinical outcomes.