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Electronic Health Records in Simulation Education

Literature Review and Synthesis

Wilbanks, Bryan A., PhD, DNP; Watts, Penni I., PhD; Epps, Chad A., MD

doi: 10.1097/SIH.0000000000000288
Review Articles

Summary Statement During the last decade, the use of electronic health records (EHRs) in clinical settings has risen sharply. Many clinical education programs have not incorporated the use of electronic documentation into their curriculum. It is important to incorporate technologies that will be used in real-world settings into educational clinical simulations to better prepare students for clinical practice and promote patient safety. Electronic documentation can be harder to teach to students because it requires a more in-depth orientation on how to use the electronic documentation system and because health care organizations often give students limited or no access to the documentation system. This review will include a discussion on the benefits and disadvantages of using educational EHRs, barriers and facilitators to implementing educational EHRs, and best practices for incorporating educational EHRs into current educational curriculums.

From the University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Nursing (B.A.W., P.I.W.), Birmingham, AL; and The University of Tennessee Health Science Center (C.A.E.), Memphis, TN.

Reprints: Bryan A. Wilbanks, PhD, NB 545, 1720 2nd Ave S, Birmingham AL 35294-1210 (e-mail:

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

© 2018 Society for Simulation in Healthcare