Patient-centered simulation for nonhealthcare providers is an emerging and innovative application for healthcare simulation. Currently, no consensus exists on what patient-centered simulation encompasses and outcomes research in this area is limited. Conceptually, patient-centered simulation aligns with the principles of patient- and family-centered care bringing this educational tool directly to patients and caregivers with the potential to improve patient care and outcomes.
This descriptive article is a summary of findings presented at the 2nd International Meeting for Simulation in Healthcare Research Summit. Experts in the field delineated a categorization for better describing patient-centered simulation and reviewed the literature to identify a research agenda.
Three types of patient-centered simulation patient-directed, patient-driven, and patient-specific are presented with research priorities identified for each.
Patient-centered simulation has been shown to be an effective educational tool and has the potential to directly improve patient care outcomes. Presenting a typology for patient-centered simulation provides direction for future research.
From the Simulation Center (J.L.A.), Johns Hopkins All Children's Hospital, St. Petersburg, FL; Modeling, Simulation, & Visualization Engineering Department (F.D.M.), Joint Appointment, Electrical & Computer Engineering Department, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA; AHC Simulation Center and Interprofessional Education & Resource Center (J.L.M.), Department of Family Medicine & Community Health, Graduate Faculty, College of Education and Human Development, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN; and College of Nursing and Health Innovation (M.E.M.), The University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, TX.
Reprints: Jennifer L. Arnold, MD, MSc, Simulation Center, Johns Hopkins All Children's Hospital, 601 Fifth Street South, St. Petersburg, FL 33701 (e-mail: email@example.com).