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The Many Faces of Patient-Centered Simulation

Implications for Researchers

Arnold, Jennifer L. MD, MSc; McKenzie, Frederic (Rick) D. PhD; Miller, Jane Lindsay PhD; Mancini, Mary E. RN, PhD

doi: 10.1097/SIH.0000000000000312
IMSH Research Summit Article

Introduction Patient-centered simulation for nonhealthcare providers is an emerging and innovative application for healthcare simulation. Currently, no consensus exists on what patient-centered simulation encompasses and outcomes research in this area is limited. Conceptually, patient-centered simulation aligns with the principles of patient- and family-centered care bringing this educational tool directly to patients and caregivers with the potential to improve patient care and outcomes.

Methods This descriptive article is a summary of findings presented at the 2nd International Meeting for Simulation in Healthcare Research Summit. Experts in the field delineated a categorization for better describing patient-centered simulation and reviewed the literature to identify a research agenda.

Results Three types of patient-centered simulation patient-directed, patient-driven, and patient-specific are presented with research priorities identified for each.

Conclusions Patient-centered simulation has been shown to be an effective educational tool and has the potential to directly improve patient care outcomes. Presenting a typology for patient-centered simulation provides direction for future research.

From the Simulation Center (J.L.A.), Johns Hopkins All Children's Hospital, St. Petersburg, FL; Modeling, Simulation, & Visualization Engineering Department (F.D.M.), Joint Appointment, Electrical & Computer Engineering Department, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA; AHC Simulation Center and Interprofessional Education & Resource Center (J.L.M.), Department of Family Medicine & Community Health, Graduate Faculty, College of Education and Human Development, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN; and College of Nursing and Health Innovation (M.E.M.), The University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, TX.

Reprints: Jennifer L. Arnold, MD, MSc, Simulation Center, Johns Hopkins All Children's Hospital, 601 Fifth Street South, St. Petersburg, FL 33701 (e-mail:

© 2018 Society for Simulation in Healthcare