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Building a Community of Practice for Researchers

The International Network for Simulation-Based Pediatric Innovation, Research and Education

Cheng, Adam MD; Auerbach, Marc MD, MSc; Calhoun, Aaron MD; Mackinnon, Ralph BSc, MBChB, FRCA; Chang, Todd P. MD, MAcM; Nadkarni, Vinay MD; Hunt, Elizabeth A. MD, MPH, PhD; Duval-Arnould, Jordan MPH, CPH; Peiris, Nicola BSc; Kessler, David MD, MSc for the INSPIRE Investigators*

doi: 10.1097/SIH.0000000000000269
IMSH Research Summit Article

Summary Statement The scope and breadth of simulation-based research is growing rapidly; however, few mechanisms exist for conducting multicenter, collaborative research. Failure to foster collaborative research efforts is a critical gap that lies in the path of advancing healthcare simulation. The 2017 Research Summit hosted by the Society for Simulation in Healthcare highlighted how simulation-based research networks can produce studies that positively impact the delivery of healthcare. In 2011, the International Network for Simulation-based Pediatric Innovation, Research and Education (INSPIRE) was formed to facilitate multicenter, collaborative simulation-based research with the aim of developing a community of practice for simulation researchers. Since its formation, the network has successfully completed and published numerous collaborative research projects. In this article, we describe INSPIRE's history, structure, and internal processes with the goal of highlighting the community of practice model for other groups seeking to form a simulation-based research network.

From the Section of Emergency Medicine (A.Ch.), KidSIM-ASPIRE Research Program, Calgary, Alberta, Canada; Department of Pediatrics (A.Ch.), Alberta Children's Hospital, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada; Section of Pediatric Emergency Medicine (M.A.), Yale University, New Haven, CT; Department of Pediatrics (A.Ca.) University of Louisville, Louisville, KY; Department of Paediatric Anaesthesia and NWTS First Floor Theatres (R.M.), Royal Manchester Children's Hospital, Manchester, UK; Children's Hospital Los Angeles (T.P.C.), Los Angeles, CA; The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (V.M.N.), University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA; Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine (E.A.H., J.D.A), Charlotte R. Bloomberg Children's Center Baltimore, MD; KidSIM Simulation Program (N.P.), Alberta Children's Hospital, Calgary, Alberta, Canada; and Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine (D.K.), Columbia University Medical School, New York, NY.

Reprints: Adam Cheng, MD, FRCPC, University of Calgary, KidSim-ASPIRE Research Program, Section of Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Alberta Children's Hospital, 2888 Shaganappi Trail NW, Calgary, Alberta, Canada T3B 6A8 (e-mail:

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

The INSPIRE network receives infrastructure support from the Society for Simulation in Healthcare, the International Pediatric Simulation Society, and RBaby Foundation. INSPIRE has received in-kind support from B Line Medical. The INSPIRE network has previously been funded by the Laerdal Foundation for Acute Care. The primary investigator (A.C.) would like to acknowledge funding from the Alberta Children's Hospital Research Institute, Alberta Children's Hospital Foundation, and the Department of Pediatrics, Cumming School of Medicine to support the KidSIM-ASPIRE Simulation Research Program and his appointment as a clinician scientist in Alberta Children's Hospital Research Institute. M.A. would like to acknowledge the support from Karen Santucci and the Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine at Yale University School of Medicine for supporting his work on POISE- and INSPIRE-related activities. The senior author (D.K.) would like to acknowledge support from Meridith Sonnet and the Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine at Columbia University for his POISE- and INSPIRE-related activities over the years.

*The INSPIRE Network Investigators: Linda Brown, MD, Frank Overly, MD, Akira Nishisaki, MD, Jonathan Duff, MD, Mark Adler, MD, and Nancy Tofil, MD.

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© 2018 Society for Simulation in Healthcare