TechniqueNonoperative Rehabilitation for Shoulder InstabilityCavanaugh, John T. PT, MEd, ATC, SCS*; Rodeo, Scott A. MD†Author Information *Sports Rehabilitation & Performance Center †Sports Medicine & Shoulder Service, Hospital For Special Surgery, New York, NY The authors declare no conflict of interest. Reprints: John T. Cavanaugh, PT, MEd, ATC, SCS, Sports Rehabilitation & Performance Center, Hospital For Special Surgery, 535 East 70th Street, New York, NY 10021 (e-mail: [email protected]). Techniques in Shoulder & Elbow Surgery: March 2014 - Volume 15 - Issue 1 - p 18-24 doi: 10.1097/BTE.0000000000000016 Buy Metrics Abstract Injuries to the glenohumeral joint resulting in instability are common in sports. Often instability cases are treated conservatively without surgery. Instability is classified by etiology, frequency, direction, and magnitude of translational movement. These classifications need to be considered by the rehabilitation specialist when developing an appropriate treatment plan for instability patients. Certain principles of rehabilitation should be followed to promote a safe, progressive, and successful outcome. These include: communication with the referring physician, treating each patient as an individual, respecting physiological healing restraints, developing a stable base by scapula strengthening, incorporating exercises high in neuromuscular activation, and progressing the patient by a functional progression. © 2014 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.