∗Department of Emergency Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Republic of Korea
†Department of Emergency Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea
‡Department of Emergency Medicine, Uijeongbu Eulji Medical Center, Eulji University, Uijeongbu, Republic of Korea
§Department of Emergency Medicine, Incheon Sarang Hospital, Incheon, Republic of Korea
∥Department of Emergency Medicine, CHA Bundang Medical Center, CHA University School of Medicine, Seongnam, Republic of Korea
Received 16 Sep 2022; first review completed 7 Oct 2022; accepted in final form 10 Nov 2022
Address reprint requests to You Hwan Jo, MD, PhD, Department of Emergency Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, 82, Gumi-ro 173 Beon-gil, Bundang-gu, Seongnam-si, Gyeonggi-do 13620, Republic of Korea. E-mail: [email protected]; [email protected].
Author Contributions: HK conceptualized and designed the experiment, drafted the initial manuscript, and approved the final manuscript as submitted. YHJ coordinated and supervised data collection, critically reviewed the manuscript, and approved the final manuscript as submitted. JHL, JEH, IP, SK, D-HJ, DK, and HC carried out the initial analyses and reviewed and revised the manuscript. All authors performed the experiments, derived the models, and analyzed the data. All authors approved the final manuscript as submitted and agree to be accountable for all aspects of the work.
This work was supported by the Korea Medical Device Development Fund grant funded by the Korea government (project no. RS-2020-KD000007).
The authors report no conflicts of interest.
The data sets generated and/or analyzed during the current study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.
The Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee of Seoul National University Bundang Hospital approved this study (protocol no. BA1706-225/048-01). All animals received humane care according to the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals by the National Institutes of Health. All procedures were conducted in compliance with the ARRIVE (animal research: reporting of in vivo experiments) guidelines (http://www.nc3rs.org.uk/page.asp?id=1357), and all efforts were made to minimize the number of animals and induced pain.
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