It is still not clear what influences hemoglobin has on the outcomes of patients with sepsis. The intention of this research is to investigate the impact of early hemoglobin levels on clinical outcomes for sepsis.
In this single-center, cohort study, each patient was put into one of four groups dependent on hemoglobin levels of 70 g/L, 80 g/L, or 90 g/L in the first 48 h of being admitted to intensive care unit (ICU). Adjustments for baseline/confounding factors were made using the multiple Cox regression model.
In all, 235 septic patients were examined in this research. The non-survivors exhibited significantly higher levels for early hemoglobin status at or below 80 g/L (33.7% vs. 19.4%, P = 0.016) than survivors. Survival curve demonstrated that septic patients with early hemoglobin levels at or below 80 g/L survived at significantly lower rates than those with hemoglobin above 80 g/L. Multivariate Cox analysis demonstrated that levels of 1-year mortality rose as early hemoglobin levels fell in the first 48 h after ICU admission, with relative risks for 80 g/L to 90 g/L, 70 g/L to 80 g/L, and at or below 70 g/L being respectively 1.11 (95% CI: 0.654–1.882), 1.742 (95% CI: 0.969–3.133), 1.981 (95% CI: 1.124–3.492) times higher than those for hemoglobin levels above 90 g/L.
Hemoglobin levels at or below 80 g/L in the first 48 h after ICU admission are an alternative indicator for predicting long-term mortality of sepsis. Awareness should be encouraged of the importance of targeting early hemoglobin levels when treating sepsis to improve prognosis.