Shock in patients resuscitated after out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is associated with an increased risk of mortality. We sought to determine the associations between lactate level, mean arterial pressure (MAP), and vasopressor/inotrope doses with mortality.
Retrospective cohort study of adult patients with OHCA of presumed cardiac etiology treated with targeted temperature management (TTM) between December 2005 and September 2016. Multivariable logistic regression was performed to determine predictors of hospital death.
Among 268 included patients, the median age was 64 (55, 71.8) years, including 27% females. OHCA was witnessed in 89%, OHCA rhythm was shockable in 87%, and bystander CPR was provided in 64%. Vasopressors were required during the first 24 h in 60%. Hospital mortality occurred in 104 (38.8%) patients. Higher initial lactate, peak Vasoactive-Inotropic Score (VIS), and lower mean 24-h MAP were associated with higher hospital mortality (all P < 0.001). After multivariable regression, both higher initial lactate (adjusted OR 1.15 per 1 mmol/L higher, 95% CI 1.00–1.31, P = 0.03) and higher peak VIS (adjusted OR 1.20 per 10 units higher, 95% CI 1.10–1.54, P = 0.003) were associated with higher hospital mortality, but mMAP was not (P = 0.92). However, patients with a mMAP < 70 mm Hg remained at higher risk of hospital mortality after multivariable adjustment (adjusted OR 9.30, 95% CI 1.39–62.02, P = 0.02).
In patients treated with TTM after OHCA, greater shock severity, as reflected by higher lactate levels, mMAP < 70 mmHg, and higher vasopressor requirements during the first 24 h was associated with an increased rate of hospital mortality.