We investigated whether platelet count associated with biomarkers of endothelial function, and additionally sought to identify novel predictors of outcomes in a cohort of patients with severe sepsis at a quaternary care academic medical center.
Prospective, observational cohort.
Eighty-six sepsis patients admitted into intensive care units were prospectively enrolled into an on-site sepsis registry and biobank.
Measurements and Main Results:
Platelet count, mean platelet volume, platelet mass, plasma angiopoietin-1 and angiopoietin-2, syndecan-1, platelet factor 4, sCD40L concentrations, and plasma autotaxin activity were determined for each patient at enrollment. Patient mortality was recorded up to 30 days following hospital discharge. Platelet count and plasma sCD40L was significantly lower in patients who did not survive up to 30 days following hospital discharge. Angiopoietin-2 and the angiopoietin-2/1 ratio were significantly higher in patients who did not survive up to 30 days following discharge. Furthermore, plasma autotaxin activity was significantly higher in patients who did not survive up to 30 days. Interestingly, autotaxin activity correlated with platelet count and the ratio of angiopoietin-2/1 across our population.
Platelet count, the ratio of angiopoietin-2/1, and autotaxin activity all predicted 30-day mortality. Autotaxin activity within the plasma correlates with both platelet counts and vascular dysfunction biomarkers across both survivors and non-survivors indicating a possible involvement of autotaxin within sepsis.