Induction of the heat shock response may improve outcome from pathophysiological disturbances. This improvement is associated with and believed to result from expression of heat shock protein (HSP)-70. Therefore, we examined the temporal expression of HSP-70 in an animal model of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) secondary to fecal peritonitis. Specifically, we hypothesize that sepsis in rats impairs pulmonary HSP-70 expression. ARDS was induced in adolescent rats via cecal ligation and double puncture (2CLP). Sham-operated animals served as controls. Lung tissue was collected 0, 3, 6, 16, 24, and 48 h after 2CLP and sham operation. Northern blot hybridization analysis was performed to detect steady-state HSP-70 messenger ribonucleic (mRNA) levels. HSP-70 protein levels were determined via immunoblotting and immunohistochemistry. Mortality after 2CLP was 50% at 24 h and 75% at 48 h. Northern blot hybridization analysis revealed no significant change in steady-state HSP-70 mRNA levels in lung at any time after 2CLP. HSP-70 steady-state mRNA levels increased after sham operation and was higher than values in 2CLP at 6, 16, and 24 h. HSP-70 protein levels did not change over time in either group. Thus, the expression of HSP-70 does not change after 2CLP. Although lack of an increase in protein levels may be adaptive after sham operation, it is not appropriate after 2CLP. Therefore, failed HSP-70 expression represents a form of pulmonary epithelial dysfunction that may contribute to lung injury in sepsis.
Department of Anesthesia, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104-4283
Received 7 Jun 1999; first review completed 25 Jun 1999; accepted in final form 20 Jul 1999
Address reprint requests to Clifford S. Deutschman, MS, MD, Department of Anesthesia, Dulles 773/HUP, 3400 Spruce St., Philadelphia, PA 19104-4283.
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