BACTERIOLOGYSelection of promising strain of Lactobacillus for treating vaginal infectionsMogha, Kanchan V.; Prajapati, Jashbhai B.Author Information Department of Dairy Microbiology, SMC College of Dairy Science, Anand Agricultural University, Anand, Gujarat, India. Correspondence to Kanchan V. Mogha, PhD, Department of Dairy Microbiology, SMC College of Dairy Science, Anand Agricultural University, Anand 388110, Gujarat, India. E-mail: [email protected] Received 14 April, 2016 Revised 26 August, 2016 Accepted 29 August, 2016 Reviews in Medical Microbiology: April 2017 - Volume 28 - Issue 2 - p 49-55 doi: 10.1097/MRM.0000000000000105 Buy Metrics Abstract Lactobacilli have been known to inhibit in-vitro growth of many organisms and have been used as probiotic to treat eclectic range of gastrointestinal and/or vaginal disorders. Four Lactobacillus strains, namely, Lactobacillus helveticus MTCC (Microbial Type Culture Collection) 5463, Lactobacillus rhamnosus MTCC 5462, L. rhamnosus (NS6) MTCC 5946, Lactobacillus fermentum (PD2) belonging to different species were analysed based on their properties, such as hydrophobicity, arginine deiminase assay, inhibitory effect of lactobacilli to some of the pathogenic microorganism indicator of bacterial vaginosis, ability to produce H2O2, lactic acid production, antibiotic susceptibility of lactobacilli against various antibiotics used for treating bacterial vaginosis, and reduction in pH of artificial vaginal fluid. Copyright © 2017 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.