VIROLOGYHIV-associated osteoporosisQadir, Muhammad Imrana; Ali, Muhammada; Muhammad, Syed Auna; Hanif, Muhammadb; Farooqi, Ammad Ahmadc; Abbas, RamshadAuthor Information aInstitute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology bFaculty of Pharmacy, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Punjab cLaboratory for Translational Oncology and Personalized Medicine, RLMC, Lahore dCollege of Pharmacy, GC University, Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan. Correspondence to Muhammad Imran Qadir, MD, PhD, Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Punjab, Pakistan. E-mail: [email protected] Received 28 April, 2014 Revised 12 October, 2014 Accepted 12 October, 2014 Reviews in Medical Microbiology: January 2015 - Volume 26 - Issue 1 - p 14-19 doi: 10.1097/MRM.0000000000000026 Buy Metrics Abstract AIDS is a disease, caused by the HIV belonging to the retroviral family, transmitted through blood, body fluids and unprotected sexual contact that may involve a number of complications of immune, cardiovascular and pulmonary systems. Antiretroviral drugs are usually used in treatment. Mild bone loss occurs with the start of antiretroviral treatment. Bone mass seems to be constant and improved in prolonged use of antiretrovirals. Oral and parenteral bisphosphonates are useful in patients, and they are referred to first-line treatment to prevent frailty and bone rupture. Copyright © Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.