MICROBIAL INFECTIONHaemotrophic mycoplasma: review of aetiology and prevalenceYang, Zhibiao; Yuan, Congli; Yu, Fei; Hua, XiuguoAuthor Information From the Agriculture and Biology College, Shanghai Jiaotong University, China. Received 6 May, 2007 Accepted 22 May, 2007 Correspondence to Xiuguo Hua, PhD, Tel: +86 021 64789272; fax: +86 021 64785582; e-mail: [email protected] Reviews in Medical Microbiology: January 2007 - Volume 18 - Issue 1 - p 1-3 doi: 10.1097/MRM.0b013e3282cdf034 Buy Metrics Abstract Haemoplasma, composed of Eperythrozoon and Haemobartonella, is a widespread agent infecting different vertebrate animals as well as humans. It is a small, pleomorphic bacterium that is an obligative parasite of erythrocytes in which it causes deformity and haemolysis. Clinical symptoms include anaemia, icterus, acidosis and fever. The prevalence of haemoplasma infection has been demonstrated in several countries. Some possible routes of transmission have been suggested, but all require further validation. Host-specific cross-transmission has been shown by sequence alignment analysis. © 2007 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.