To report a case of acute idiopathic maculopathy complicated by choroidal neovascularization (CNV) in which multimodal imaging was used to confirm the presence of CNV and follow the response to anti–vascular endothelial growth factor treatment.
A 39-year-old man was referred to our clinic for the evaluation of maculopathy in the right eye. Multimodal imaging was performed including fundus photography, fundus autofluorescence, infrared fundus reflectance (IR), optical coherence tomography, fluorescein angiography, indocyanine green angiography, and optical coherence tomography angiography.
On the first examination, best-corrected visual acuity was 20/63 in the right eye and 20/20 in the left eye. A diagnosis of acute idiopathic maculopathy in the right eye was made on the basis of clinical presentation and multimodal imaging. After 3 months, best-corrected visual acuity had decreased to 20/100. Fluorescein angiography and indocyanine green angiography suggested the presence of a CNV. Optical coherence tomography angiography confirmed the presence of the CNV and well outlined the extension of the neovascular network. The patient underwent 2 monthly bevacizumab intravitreal injections. One month after the second injection, best-corrected visual acuity improved to 20/25, and optical coherence tomography angiography showed regression of the neovascular network. Best-corrected visual acuity remained stable during 20 months of follow-up.
Our case reports the uncommon association of acute idiopathic maculopathy complicated by CNV. Multiimaging approach allowed to document the features observed in this disease. Optical coherence tomography angiography was particularly useful in showing the extension of the neovascular network and response to treatment.