To describe two cases of paracentral acute middle maculopathy (PAMM) that occurred unilaterally after endovascular coil embolization.
Medical records including ophthalmic examinations of two PAMM cases were retrospectively reviewed.
The first case was a 64-year-old woman with hyperlipidemia and chronic sinusitis. The second case was a 49-year-old man with hypertension, hyperlipidemia, tension headache, and vertigo. Both cases exhibited paracentral scotomas just after endovascular coil embolization. Ophthalmoscopy showed multiple faint white-yellow lesions in each affected eye. Optical coherence tomography showed hyper-reflective bands that were mainly observed in the inner nuclear layer and corresponded to the PAMM lesions. Optical coherence tomography angiography revealed variable degrees of abnormal vasculature from slight dilation, decreased visualization, to nonvisualization in the superficial capillary plexuses and similar capillary changes in deep capillary plexuses.
We described two cases with PAMM that occurred after endovascular coil embolization, which was a new precursor cause of PAMM. Our results demonstrate that optical coherence tomography angiography is especially useful for not only diagnosis, but also for follow-up evaluations in patients with PAMM.