To describe a case of focal choroidal excavation (FCE) complicated with Type-2 choroidal neovascularization (CNV) in a patient with angioid streaks secondary to pseudoxanthoma elasticum before and after treatment with bevacizumab.
Fundus photography, fundus autofluorescence, fluorescein angiography, indocyanine green angiography, spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and SD-OCT angiography were performed in a 60-year-old white woman with angioid streaks and bilateral FCE. Spectral domain OCT images were taken before and after three-monthly intravitreal injections of bevacizumab. Histopathological analysis of the dermis established the diagnosis of pseudoxanthoma elasticum.
Multimodal imaging revealed bilateral FCE and CNV. Spectral domain OCT diagnosed bilateral FCE and Type-1 and Type-2 CNV in the right eye, and irregular vascular network, along macular streak, in both eyes, which were not observed on fluorescein neither on indocyanine green angiography, but only on SD-OCT angiography. Patient presented good anatomical and functional response to intravitreal injections of bevacizumab.
Focal choroidal excavation is a rare condition detected mainly by SD-OCT, which may be associated with angioid streaks secondary to pseudoxanthoma elasticum and complicated by CNV. Multimodal imaging is important for diagnosis and follow-up of such patients, even in the absence of signs of CNV, and anatomical and functional response to anti–vascular endothelial growth factor therapy is good.