To describe a full-thickness macular hole (MH) opening to macular intrachoroidal cavitation in a patient with pathologic myopia.
Full ophthalmologic examination, fundus camera (Topcon TRC; Topcon Co, Tokyo, Japan), optical coherence tomography (RetinaScan Advanced RS-3000; NIDEK, Gamagori, Japan) imaging, and cataract surgery.
A 61-year-old woman admitted with decreased vision in the left eye. Visual acuity was counting fingers from 30 cm. Anterior segment examination showed advanced cataract. Fundus examination revealed pathologic myopia. There was full-thickness MH opening to macular intrachoroidal cavitation in contact with the anterior surface of the sclera subfoveally. Except for the communicating part of MH and macular intrachoroidal cavitation, outer retina, ellipsoid zone, and retinal pigment epithelium were intact. Choroid was intact except for a small part at subfoveal area. The patient received an uncomplicated cataract surgery. Visual acuity improved to 5/10. Because she was satisfied, MH surgery was postponed to a later date.
Full-thickness MH may occur within the area of macular intrachoroidal cavitation in pathologic myopia.