To present the optical coherence tomography angiography
and widefield fundus autofluorescence
(FAF) imaging findings of a 34-year-old woman with punctate inner choroidopathy
and Type 2 neovascularization.
In the retrospective case report, optical coherence tomography angiography
imaging was performed with the RTVue XR Avanti (Optovue Inc, Fremont, CA) platform, which uses split spectrum amplitude decorrelation angiography to detect flow.
Single patient with the diagnosis of punctate inner choroidopathy
Spectral domain optical coherence tomography of the macula showed an inactive submacular scar but optical coherence tomography angiography
demonstrated the fine detailed structure of a Type 2 neovascular membrane. Peripheral FAF abnormalities were detected despite the notable absence of these lesions with clinical examination and color fundus photography. These FAF findings were important in guiding clinical follow-up and response to therapy. The FAF lesions resolved with normal follow-up and treatment with oral naproxen.
This is the first case report of optical coherence tomography angiography
imaging of choroidal neovascularization associated with punctate inner choroidopathy
and the first report of widefield FAF abnormalities in punctate inner choroidopathy
. Optical coherence tomography angiography
may provide a more noninvasive and sensitive imaging system for the evaluation of choroidal neovascularization than traditional fluorescein angiography and may provide a direct gauge of response to therapy. Widefield FAF may improve detection of inflammatory activity of retinal disease and monitoring of disease activity.