The injection of high-viscosity silicone oil lengthens injection time. New polyimide cannulas offer a greater inner diameter than conventional metal cannulas at the same gauge. We compared the injection time for polyimide and metal cannulas at 23 G for a variety of silicone oils including a 12,500-mPas prototype oil.
In this laboratory study, injection time was measured three times per cannula and per oil. Warming the oil before injection to up to 42°C was also evaluated. Finally, the feasibility of polyimide cannulas was tested in vitrectomized porcine eyes.
The 23-G polyimide cannula mostly decreased injection times. The time to inject 5 mL of Siluron Xtra and Siluron 5000 decreased by 6:02 (76.9%) minutes (483 vs. 121 seconds) and 12:01 (74.7%) minutes (973 vs. 252 seconds), respectively. Although the 23-G metal cannula failed to inject 12,500 mPas oil, 5 mL was injected in 10:21 minutes using the polyimide cannula. Prewarming Siluron 5000 to 42°C lowered the injection time by 9.0% and by 12.1% when using the metal or polyimide cannula, respectively.
Polyimide cannulas allow a clinically relevant decrease in injection time. They may not only shorten surgery time but could also ease the use of next-generation ultra-high-viscosity silicone oils. Prewarming silicone oil leads to decreased injection times.