To evaluate the refractive outcomes of sutureless intrascleral fixation of intraocular lens with pars plana vitrectomy.
A retrospective, consecutive cohort from multiple surgeons of a single center. Primary outcomes included spherical equivalent (SEQ) and change in SEQ (ΔSEQ) from preoperative intraocular lens power calculations. Secondary outcomes included refractive outcomes of fixation at 1.5 mm, 2 mm, and 2.5 mm posterior to the limbus.
In total, 84 eyes of 80 patients were included. Preoperative logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution visual acuity was 1.21 ± 0.68 (20/320). The mean follow-up time was 2.33 ± 1.36 years. At 3 months, SEQ was −0.50 ± 1.59 D and ΔSEQ was 0.58 ± 1.49 D. At 1 year, SEQ was −0.55 ± 1.32 D and ΔSEQ was 0.39 ± 1.42 D. At the last follow-up, logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution visual acuity was 0.34 ± 0.34 (20/40), SEQ was −0.51 ± 1.44 D, and ΔSEQ was 0.57 ± 1.27 D. There was no difference between SEQ or ΔSEQ throughout follow-up (P = 0.97 and P = 0.96, respectively). At fixation distances more posterior to the limbus, mean ΔSEQ was more hyperopic at 3 months, 1-year, and the last follow-up (P = 0.02, P = 0.01, and P = 0.006, respectively).
Refractive outcomes for sutureless intrascleral fixation of intraocular lens with pars plana vitrectomy were favorable and showed stability postoperatively. These results may aid surgeons achieve better desired refractive outcomes for this technique.