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VITRECTOMY WITH INTERNAL LIMITING MEMBRANE PEELING AND AIR TAMPONADE FOR MYOPIC FOVEOSCHISIS

Rizzo, Stanislao, MD; Giansanti, Fabrizio, MD; Finocchio, Lucia, MD; Caporossi, Tomaso, MD; Barca, Francesco, MD; Bacherini, Daniela, MD; Cocci, Giulia, MD; Vannucchi, Martino, MD; Tartaro, Ruggero, MD; Virgili, Gianni, MD

doi: 10.1097/IAE.0000000000002265
Original Study: PDF Only

Purpose: To evaluate the functional and anatomical outcomes of 23-gauge or 25-gauge pars plana vitrectomy with internal limiting membrane peeling and air tamponade for the treatment of myopic foveoschisis.

Methods: Retrospective, noncomparative, interventional case series. The records of 29 patients (32 eyes), with myopic foveoschisis who were treated by 23-gauge or 25-gauge 3-port pars plana vitrectomy with internal limiting membrane peeling and air tamponade, were reviewed. At each visit, a complete ophthalmic examination, intraocular pressure, best-corrected visual acuity, and central foveal thickness measured using optical coherence tomography were assessed.

Results: Twenty-five eyes of 23 patients (M:F = 4:19) matched the inclusion criteria, whereas 7 eyes of 6 patients were excluded. The mean logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution best-corrected visual acuity (Snellen equivalent) was 0.62 (20/80) (SE: 0.061), and the mean preoperative central foveal thickness was 619.5 µm (SE: 16.38) at baseline. Visual acuity significantly improved of 5 Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study letters (45 letters) at the 1-month follow-up (P < 0.001), 2 lines (50 Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study letters) at the 6-month follow-up (P < 0.001), and it reached 55 Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study letters at the 1-year follow-up visit (P < 0.001). Central foveal thickness decreased to 292.4 µm (SE: 15.93), to 227.3 µm (SE: 14.05), and to 208.8 µm (SE: 12.86), respectively, at the 1-, 6-, and 12-month follow-ups (for each P < 0.001). There were no differences in best-corrected visual acuity or central foveal thickness changes between the foveal detachment group and the nonfoveal detachment group (P > 0.05).

Conclusion: Small-gauge vitrectomy with internal limiting membrane peeling and air tamponade results in favorable anatomical and functional outcomes for patients affected by myopic macular foveoschisis.

Small-gauge vitrectomy with internal limiting membrane peeling and air tamponade results in favorable anatomical and functional outcomes for patients affected by myopic foveoschisis.

Department of Translational Surgery and Medicine, Ophthalmology, University of Florence, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Careggi, Florence, Italy.

Reprint requests: Lucia Finocchio, MD, Centro Traumatologico Ortopedico via Largo Piero Palagi 1, 50139 Florence, Italy; e-mail: luciafinocchio@gmail.com

None of the authors has any financial/conflicting interests to disclose.

© 2018 by Ophthalmic Communications Society, Inc.