To report the incidence of retinal pigment epithelium tears in eyes treated with aflibercept for neovascular age-related macular degeneration and compare it with ranibizumab, and to describe long-term visual outcomes of retinal pigment epithelium tears after intensive anti–vascular endothelial growth factor treatment.
Retrospective analysis of clinical charts, spectral domain optical coherence tomography and fundus fluorescein angiography imaging of consecutive naive patients treated with intravitreal aflibercept or ranibizumab for neovascular age-related macular degeneration.
Eight hundred consecutive eyes were included in the study (300 treated with ranibizumab and 500 with aflibercept) with 34.0 ± 9.1 months of follow-up. The incidence of tears in the aflibercept group was 3.2% and 2.3% after ranibizumab (P = 0.52). Twenty-nine eyes with retinal pigment epithelium tears were followed for a mean of 30.76 months. Visual acuity at baseline was 20/100 (50.7 ± 19.3 Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study letters) and 20/200 (36.1 ± 26.1 Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study letters) at the end of follow-up. The mean number of injection was 7.3 at 12 months and 13.9 ± 8.1 at the end of the study. The number of injections positively correlated with the final visual outcome.
There was a low rate of retinal pigment epithelium tears after aflibercept injections, similar to ranibizumab. The correlation between the number of anti–vascular endothelial growth factors received and visual outcomes supports the need for continuing anti–vascular endothelial growth factor therapy.
National Institute for Health and Research (NIHR) Biomedical Centre, Moorfields Eye Hospital, University College of London (UCL) Institute of Ophthalmology, London, United Kingdom.
Reprint requests: Clara Vazquez-Alfageme, MD, NIHR Biomedical Centre, Moorfields Eye Hospital, UCL Institute of Ophthalmology, Moorfields Eye Hospital, 162 City Road, EC1V 2PD, London, United Kingdom; e-mail: Clara.firstname.lastname@example.org
Supported by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Biomedical Research Centre based at Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Foundation Trust and University College London Institute of Ophthalmology. The views expressed are those of the author(s) and not necessarily those of the NHS, the NIHR or the Department of Health.
Part of this study has been presented as a poster on the 8th World Congress on Controversies in Ophthalmology in Madrid, Spain, March 30, 2017.
None of the authors has any financial/conflicting interests to disclose.