To determine the efficacy of the combination therapy of intravitreal ranibizumab (IVR) and 577-nm yellow laser subthreshold micropulse laser photocoagulation (SMLP) for macular edema secondary to branch retinal vein occlusion cystoid macular edema.
Retrospective, consecutive, case–control study. Forty-six eyes of 46 patients with treatment-naive branch retinal vein occlusion cystoid macular edema were enrolled. The IVR + SMLP group consisted of 22 patients who had undergone both SMLP and IVR. Intravitreal ranibizumab group consisted of 24 patients who had undergone IVR monotherapy. Intravitreal ranibizumab therapy was one initial injection and on a pro re nata in both groups, and SMLP was performed at 1 month after IVR in the IVR + SMLP group. Preoperatively and monthly, best-corrected visual acuity and central retinal thickness were evaluated using swept source optical coherence tomography.
Best-corrected visual acuity and central retinal thickness significantly improved at 6 months in IVR + SMLP and IVR groups. Best-corrected visual acuity and central retinal thickness were not significantly different between the two groups at any time points. The number of IVR injections during initial 6 months in IVR group (2.3 ± 0.9) was significantly greater (P = 0.034) than that in IVR + SMLP group (1.9 ± 0.8).
The combination therapy of IVR and SMLP can treat branch retinal vein occlusion cystoid macular edema effectively, by decreasing the frequency of IVR injections while maintaining good visual acuity.
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This study suggests that the combination therapy of intravitreal ranibizumab and 577-nm subthreshold micropulse photocoagulation can treat macular edema secondary to macular edema secondary to branch retinal vein occlusion effectively, by decreasing the frequency of intravitreal ranibizumab injections than intravitreal ranibizumab monotherapy while maintaining good visual acuity at 6 months.
*Division of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Niigata University, Niigata, Japan; and
†Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Japan.
Reprint requests: Hiroko Terashima, MD, Division of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Niigata University, 1-757 Asahimachi-dori, Chuo-ku, Niigata 951-8510, Japan; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
None of the authors has any financial/conflicting interests to disclose.
The authors have full control of all primary data and agree to allow Investigative and Ophthalmology of Visual Sciences to review their data upon request.