*Singapore National Eye Centre, Singapore Eye Research Institute, Singapore;
†Department of Ophthalmology, Asahikawa Medical University, Asahikawa, Japan;
‡Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences Academic Clinical Program (Eye ACP), Duke-NUS Medical School, Singapore;
§Department of Ophthalmology, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore;
Reprint requests: Anna C. S. Tan, MBBS, MMed(Ophth), Singapore National Eye Centre, 11 Third Hospital Avenue, Singapore 168751; e-mail: [email protected]
Supported by Open Fund Large Collaborative Grant No: NMRC/LCG/ 0042018, NMRC/CIRG/1417/2015, NMRC/CIRG/1488/2018. The funding organization had no role in the design or conduct of this research.
None of the authors has any financial/conflicting interests to disclose.
K. Takahashi and A. C. S. Tan: Conception and design; K. Takahashi, Y. Song, K. X. Cheong, B. J. Fenner, Y.-C. Tham, C.-Y. Cheng, T. Y. Wong: Data collection; Analysis and interpretation: Takahashi, Song, Teo, Tham, Li, Li, Cheung, Yanagi, Cheng, Tan; and K. Takahashi, Y. Song, K. X. Cheong, B. J. Fenner, K. Y. C. Teo, M. L. Chee, H. Li, Y.-C. Tham, C. M. G. Cheung, C.-Y. Cheng, Y. Yanagi, T. Y. Wong, and A. C. S. Tan: Overall responsibility.
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Human Subjects: Human subjects were included in this study. The human ethics committees at the Singapore Eye Research Institute approved the study. All research adhered to the tenets of the Declaration of Helsinki. All participants provided informed consent.