To identify risk factors for recurrent retinal detachment after uncomplicated pars plana vitrectomy in patients with primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD).
This single-center retrospective study included patients with primary RRD who underwent 23-gauge and 25-gauge pars plana vitrectomy at Hiroshima University Hospital between January 2016 and May 2021. All patients had ≥3 months of follow-up. Patients were excluded if they had preoperative proliferative vitreoretinopathy worse than Grade C1; giant retinal tears; tractional, exudative, or traumatic retinal detachment; or the use of perfluorocarbon liquid. Factors that influenced RRD treatment outcome and postoperative complications were evaluated.
We analyzed 519 eyes of 509 patients who underwent pars plana vitrectomy for primary RRD. The primary and final success rates were 93.8% and 99.8%, respectively. Drainage retinotomy was a risk factor for surgical failure in both multivariate analysis (odds ratio 2.36, 95% confidence interval 1.08–5.15, P = 0.0314) and a propensity score-matching analysis (odds ratio 3.20, 95% confidence interval 1.14–9.04, P = 0.0277). Postoperative epiretinal membrane was associated with drainage retinotomy in multivariate analysis (odds ratio 1.93, 95% confidence interval 1.04–3.57, P = 0.0358).
The avoidance of drainage retinotomy during small-gauge pars plana vitrectomy in patients with RRD may lead to better surgical success and less frequent epiretinal membrane formation.