To describe the response to long-term topical dorzolamide treatment in patients with juvenile X-linked retinoschisis and cystic-like foveal lesions.
This was a retrospective interventional case series that included 18 eyes of 10 patients with genetically confirmed juvenile X-linked retinoschisis examined at the Cleveland Clinic Cole Eye Institute, a tertiary referral center, between 2005 and 2021. Patients were treated with topical 2% dorzolamide two to three times daily in both eyes. Two eyes were excluded because of retinal detachment. Primary outcome measures were logarithm of minimum angle of resolution visual acuity and optical coherence tomography based central subfield thickness.
The mean follow-up was 8.38 years (SD, 3.41 years). The mean baseline and final central subfield thickness was 429.88 µm (SD, 143.36 µm) and 372.28 µm, respectively (SD, 147.13 µm, P = 0.10). The mean baseline and final logarithm of minimum angle of resolution visual acuity was 0.45 (SD, 0.17) and 0.34, respectively (SD, 0.22, P < 0.01). None of the patients experienced any side effects from topical dorzolamide.
The study data support previous reports of improved visual acuity in X-linked retinoschisis patients on topical dorzolamide treatment. This is the longest follow-up for a series of juvenile X-linked retinoschisis patients treated with a topical carbonic anhydrase inhibitor to date. A large, prospective, randomized clinical trial is needed to provide stronger evidence regarding the efficacy of topical carbonic anhydrase inhibitors in juvenile X-linked retinoschisis.