To apply an automated deep learning automated fluid algorithm on data from real-world management of patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration for quantification of intraretinal/subretinal fluid volumes in optical coherence tomography images.
Data from the Vienna Imaging Biomarker Eye Study (VIBES, 2007–2018) were analyzed. Databases were filtered for treatment-naive neovascular age-related macular degeneration with a baseline optical coherence tomography and at least one follow-up and 1,127 eyes included. Visual acuity and optical coherence tomography at baseline, Months 1 to 3/Years 1 to 5, age, sex, and treatment number were included. Artificial intelligence and certified manual grading were compared in a subanalysis of 20%. Main outcome measures were fluid volumes.
Intraretinal/subretinal fluid volumes were maximum at baseline (intraretinal fluid: 21.5/76.6/107.1 nL; subretinal fluid 13.7/86/262.5 nL in the 1/3/6-mm area). Intraretinal fluid decreased to 5 nL at M1-M3 (1-mm) and increased to 11 nL (Y1) and 16 nL (Y5). Subretinal fluid decreased to a mean of 4 nL at M1-M3 (1-mm) and remained stable below 7 nL until Y5. Intraretinal fluid was the only variable that reflected VA change over time. Comparison with human expert readings confirmed an area under the curve of >0.9.
The Vienna Fluid Monitor can precisely quantify fluid volumes in optical coherence tomography images from clinical routine over 5 years. Automated tools will introduce precision medicine based on fluid guidance into real-world management of exudative disease, improving clinical outcomes while saving resources.