To evaluate the caliber of the choroidal veins in central serous chorioretinopathy, a disease proposed to be associated with overloading of choroidal venous outflow.
Widefield indocyanine green angiograms of eyes with central serous chorioretinopathy were graded for sausaging defined as three or more contiguous fusiform dilations that vary by at least 50% from the narrowest to largest diameters. A bulbosity was defined as a focal 2X dilation of a blood vessel as compared with the diameter of the surrounding host vessel. The data underwent statistical analysis including the use of generalized estimating equations.
There were 73 eyes of 41 patients with a mean age of 53.5 years. Sausaging of vessels was seen in a mean and median of three quadrants per eye. Using generalized estimating equations, the only significant risk factor for sausaging was the use of corticosteroids. The two significant predictors of subfoveal choroidal thickness using generalized estimating equations were age (P = 0.021) and proportion of quadrants involved by sausaging (P < 0.001). The decrease in choroidal thickness per year of age was estimated to be 3.7 µm, while the increase with four quadrant involvement with sausaging was estimated to be 236 µm. There were a total of 39 bulbosities in 26 eyes (35.6%), preferentially involving intervortex venous anastomoses.
Variations in the venous caliber are very common in eyes with central serous chorioretinopathy and seems to be associated with pathophysiologic alterations related to increased pressure within and remodeling of the larger choroidal veins. This may lead to overloading of the choriocapillaris with leakage as one manifestation.