To examine outcomes of eyes with neovascular age-related macular degeneration that were switched to brolucizumab because of an unsatisfactory response to bevacizumab, ranibizumab, and/or aflibercept and then switched back because of the presence or risk of intraocular inflammation.
Retrospective case series of 51 eyes. Visual acuity and retinal anatomy on optical coherence tomography were recorded at the first brolucizumab injection (T1), the final brolucizumab injection (T2), and 6 months following the final brolucizumab injection (T3).
At T2, 41 eyes (41/51%, 80%) had decreased subretinal fluid (31 eyes), intraretinal fluid (12 eyes), or pigment epithelial detachment height (12 eyes). At T3, decreased subretinal fluid was sustained in 17 eyes (17/31%, 55%), decreased intraretinal fluid was sustained in eight eyes (8/12%, 67%), and decreased pigment epithelial detachment height was sustained in eight eyes (8/12%, 67%). Mean logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution visual acuity at T1, T2, and T3 was 0.396 (∼20/50), 0.441 (∼20/55), and 0.468 (∼20/59), respectively. During the brolucizumab treatment period, 11 eyes (11/51%, 22%) developed intraocular inflammation, including one case of retinal vasculitis.
Interim treatment with brolucizumab resulted in anatomical improvements in 41 eyes (41/51%, 80%) that were maintained in 22 of these eyes (22/41%, 54%) for at least 6 months after switching back to the original anti–vascular endothelial growth factor therapeutic. There were no corresponding significant changes in visual acuity.