To identify features correlating with drusenoid pigment epithelial detachment (DPED) progression in the Age-Related Eye Disease Study 2 Ancillary spectral-domain optical coherence tomography study cohort.
In this retrospective analysis of a prospective longitudinal study, eyes with intermediate age-related macular degeneration and DPEDs were followed longitudinally with annual multimodal imaging.
Thirty-one eyes of 25 participants (mean age 72.6 years) in the Age-Related Eye Disease Study 2 Ancillary spectral-domain OCT substudy (A2A study) had DPED identified in color fundus images. Spectral-domain optical coherence tomography inspection confirmed a subretinal pigment epithelium drusenoid elevation of ≥433 µm diameter in 25 eyes (80.6%). Twenty-four of these eyes were followed longitudinally (median 4.0 years), during which 7 eyes (29.2%) underwent DPED collapse (with 3/7 further progressing to geographic atrophy), 6 (25.0%) developing neovascular age-related macular degeneration, and 11 (45.8%) maintaining DPED persistence without late age-related macular degeneration. On Kaplan–Meier analysis, mean time to DPED collapse was 3.9 years. Both DPED collapse and progression to neovascular age-related macular degeneration were preceded by the presence of hyperreflective foci over the DPED.
The natural history of DPED comprises collapse (sometimes followed by the development of atrophy), vascularization followed by exudation, or DPED persistence. Spectral-domain optical coherence tomography can confirm retinal pigment epithelial elevation caused by drusenoid accumulation and facilitate the identification of high-risk features that correlate with progression.