To evaluate the regression of prechoroidal cleft, its influence on visual outcomes, and differences in visual outcomes between neovascular age-related macular degeneration and polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy.
This retrospective study included 61 patients exhibiting prechoroidal cleft who were treated with antivascular endothelial growth factors. The patients were divided into two groups according to the following categories: 1) regression of prechoroidal cleft: regression group versus nonregression group and 2) type of neovascularization: neovascular age-related macular degeneration group versus polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy group. Changes in the visual acuity during the follow-up period were also compared between the two groups.
During the 52.4 ± 17.4-month follow-up period, regression of prechoroidal cleft was noted in 17 patients (27.9%) at a mean of 25.7 ± 18.3 months after the first identification. The degree of the logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution of visual deterioration was greater in the nonregression group (0.59 ± 0.56, n = 17) than that in the regression group (0.25 ± 0.61, n = 44) (P = 0.007) and in the neovascular age-related macular degeneration group (0.56 ± 0.61, n = 51) than that in the polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy group (0.18 ± 0.33, n = 10) (P = 0.034).
Approximately 27.9% of prechoroidal cleft cases eventually regressed, in conjunction with relatively favorable visual outcomes. Considering the poor visual prognosis in neovascular age-related macular degeneration accompanied by prechoroidal cleft, more caution is required for this condition.