To identify any prognostic associations between preoperative optical coherence tomography findings and postoperative visual outcomes in patients with macula-off rhegmatogenous retinal detachment.
A retrospective, single-center study of patients diagnosed with macula-off rhegmatogenous retinal detachment whom underwent surgical reattachment from 2012 to 2017. Optical coherence tomography images were analyzed by two retina surgeons. Outcome measures included “good” final vision (best-corrected visual acuity of 20/40 or better), “poor” final vision (best-corrected visual acuity of 20/200 or worse), and change in vision (worsened, improved, and improved ≥15 letters) at most recent follow-up. P values were calculated using t tests, analysis of variance, Wilcoxon rank-sum, or Kruskall–Wallis test.
A total of 49 eyes were included. There was a significant difference in the mean preoperative central retinal thickness between patients who had good final vision and patients who did not (96 μm vs. 161 μm, P = 0.048). In addition, a worse preoperative best-corrected visual acuity and greater subretinal fluid height were associated with vision improvement (P < 0.001). Those with persistent ellipsoid zone disruption postoperatively were less likely to have good final vision (odds ratio = 0.217, 95% confidence interval: 0.057–0.828).
A lower mean preoperative central retinal thickness is associated with good visual prognosis. Eyes with ellipsoid zone disruption postoperatively were less likely to have good final vision. Future studies should include a larger cohort of patients and more optical coherence tomography variables to address the inconsistencies in the current literature.