To compare the effects of half-dose photodynamic therapy (PDT) and high-density subthreshold micropulse laser on choroidal dysfunction evaluated by degree and extent of hyperfluorescence on indocyanine green angiography (ICGA) in chronic central serous chorioretinopathy.
Data from the multicenter, randomized, controlled PLACE trial were used in this study. Hyperfluorescent and hypofluorescent areas on ICGA, their association with subretinal fluid and visual function were assessed.
In total, 146 patients were included (72 in the PDT and 74 in the high-density subthreshold micropulse laser treatment arm). A significantly greater decrease in the size of hyperfluorescent areas on ICGA at first visit after treatment was seen after PDT compared with high-density subthreshold micropulse laser (mean, −1.41 ± 2.40 mm2 vs. −0.04 ± 0.73 mm2, respectively; P < 0.001). A reduction in the degree of hyperfluorescence on ICGA decreased the odds of having persistent subretinal fluid on optical coherence tomography at first visit after treatment (B = 0.295; P = 0.019). There were no significant differences in best-corrected visual acuity and retinal sensitivity between the subgroup with novel hypofluorescence (n = 20, 28%) on ICGA at first visit post PDT, compared with the subgroup without novel hypofluorescence on ICGA after PDT.
Choroidal abnormalities in chronic central serous chorioretinopathy can be effectively treated by ICGA-guided half-dose PDT but not with high-density subthreshold micropulse laser application.