We investigated interindividual differences in the rate of change of posterior vitreous detachment (PVD) stage and vitreomacular adhesion area (VMAA). Crosssectional studies demonstrated increasing PVD stage and decreasing VMAA with age, but population-level means may mask interindividual variation in the rate of change.
We retrospectively evaluated PVD stage and VMAA in asymptomatic eyes of subjects who underwent repeated optical coherence tomography screening for high-risk medication use or isolated retinal disease in the fellow eye. A Turnbull estimator modeled changes in the PVD stage, and linear mixed models evaluated VMAA change.
We evaluated 101 eyes of 101 subjects. Seventy-six eyes remained in the same stage. Twenty-three eyes progressed to a higher stage. Modeling of longitudinal data predicts that at age 30, time to convert to Stage 4 is 26 years; at age 40, it is 16 years; at age 50, it is 9 years; and at age 60, it is 8 years. In 37 eyes with Stage 1 partial PVD, VMAA decreased at a similar rate. The average population level decline in VMAA was 0.13 mm2/year.
Individuals vary in age at which they progress to complete PVD. In early partial PVD, VMAA decreases at a similar rate across individuals.