To compare widefield optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) to ultra-widefield fluorescein angiography (UWFA) in the assessment of nonperfusion in retinal vein occlusion (RVO).
A cross-sectional study of 43 eyes of 43 patients with RVO examined using both widefield OCTA (PLEX Elite, Carl Zeiss Meditec, Dublin, CA) with a panoramic montage of five 12 × 12-mm images and UWFA (Optos, 200°). Qualitative analysis was performed according to nonperfusion areas (cutoff: three disk areas) on widefield OCTA. The quantitative analysis assessed the vascular density on the widefield OCTA and ischemic index on UWFA.
The ischemic index on UWFA and vascular density in the superficial and deep plexus correlated significantly (P = 0.019, r = 0.357 and P < 0.013, r = 0.375, respectively). The qualitative classification on widefield OCTA and ischemic index on UWFA correlated significantly (P < 0.001, r = 0.618). For the detection of marked nonperfusion (ischemic index ≥ 25%), widefield OCTA had a sensitivity of 100% and a specificity of 64.9%.
The presence of nonperfusion on UWFA correlated with widefield OCTA. Optical coherence tomography angiography could help to identify high-risk RVO patients who might benefit from a further evaluation using fluorescein angiography.