To evaluate the demographic and imaging factors at baseline and Month 3 (M3) that predict visual or anatomical responses at Month 12 (M12) in the EVEREST-II study for polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy.
Post-hoc analysis of 322 participants in the EVEREST-II study. Patient factors, best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), treatment, and imaging parameters at baseline and M3 were evaluated with respect to outcomes at M12 using univariate and multivariable analysis.
Younger age (P < 0.001) and lower baseline BCVA (P < 0.001) were associated with higher BCVA gains at M12. Smaller baseline polypoidal lesion area was associated with higher BCVA gains at M12 only in the ranibizumab monotherapy arm (P = 0.008). Central subfield thickness at M3, area of branching vascular network at M3, BCVA at M3, and age were associated with change in BCVA from M3 at M12. Higher odds of fluid-free retina at M12 were associated with lower baseline central subfield thickness (P = 0.006), treatment with combination therapy (baseline and M3 models; P < 0.001), and absence of subretinal fluid at M3 (P < 0.001).
Several imaging parameters at baseline and M3 can predict treatment outcome. The interaction between treatment arm and total polypoidal lesion area suggests this feature may assist selecting between initial ranibizumab monotherapy or combination therapy.