To investigate changes of vascular density in the choroid of patients with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy treated with photodynamic therapy (PDT) combined with intravitreal aflibercept.
This study examined 12 eyes of 12 patients, who were diagnosed as polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy. All patents underwent optical coherence tomography before and at 3 months after PDT combined with intravitreal aflibercept treatment. Using en face optical coherence tomography images, we analyzed vascular density of the area outside the polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy lesion and within the PDT exposure area at the level of the choriocapillaris and middle layer of the choroid. In the outer layer of the choroid, the thickest vessel was selected in the area exposed to PDT, with the diameter of the vessel analyzed.
The vascular density in the choriocapillaris and middle layer of the choroid significantly decreased from 0.54 ± 0.09 before treatment to 0.44 ± 0.07 after PDT treatment in the choriocapillaris and from 0.53 ± 0.10 to 0.47 ± 0.08 in the middle layer of the choroid, respectively. There was also a significant reduction in the diameter of the largest vessel from 309 ± 85 µm at baseline to 220 ± 52 µm.
Photodynamic therapy may cause occlusion of the choriocapillaris and middle vessels in the choroid, as well as stenosis of the large vessels.