Choroidal neovascularization (CNV) is a common complication of patients affected by age-related macular degeneration, showing a highly variable visual outcome. The main aim of the study was, at baseline, to perform a quantitative optical coherence tomography angiography assessment of CNV secondary to age-related macular degeneration and to assess posttreatment outcomes.
Seventy-eight naïve age-related macular degeneration-related CNV patients (39 men, mean age 78 ± 8 years) were recruited and underwent complete ophthalmologic evaluation and multimodal imaging. Several OCT and optical coherence tomography angiography parameters were collected, including vessel tortuosity and vessel dispersion (VDisp), measured for each segmented CNV. All patients underwent anti–vascular endothelial growth factor PRN treatment. Vessel tortuosity and VDisp values of CNVs were tested at baseline to establish a cutoff able to distinguish clinically different patient subgroups.
Mean best-corrected visual acuity was 0.49 ± 0.57 (20/62) at baseline, improving to 0.31 ± 0.29 (20/41) at the 1-year follow-up (P < 0.01), with a mean number of 6.4 ± 1.9 injections. Our cohort included the following CNV types: occult (45 eyes; 58%), classic (14 eyes; 18%), and mixed (19 eyes; 24%). Observing optical coherence tomography angiography parameters, classic, mixed, and occult CNV revealed significantly different values of VDisp, with classic forms showing the highest values and the occult CNVs showing the lowest (P < 0.01); mixed forms displayed intermediate VDisp values. The ROC analysis revealed that a CNV vessel tortuosity cut-off of 8.40, calculated at baseline, enabled two patient subgroups differing significantly in visual outcomes after anti–vascular endothelial growth factor treatment to be distinguished.
A baseline quantitative optical coherence tomography angiography-based parameter could provide information regarding both clinical and functional outcomes after anti–vascular endothelial growth factor treatment in age-related macular degeneration-related CNV.