To evaluate choroidal vascularity index (CVI), choroidal thickness, choroidal volume, and choroidal intensity in subjects with nonneovascular age-related macular degeneration (NNVAMD) with and without reticular pseudodrusen (RPD).
We included 60 eyes of 35 subjects with NNVAMD (including 30 eyes of 18 subjects with RPD) and 30 eyes of 17 age-matched healthy individuals from the ongoing Amish Eye study. The choroid was segmented from dense volume spectral domain optical coherence tomography scans and choroidal thickness (microns), choroidal intensity (log units), and choroidal volume (mm3) from the entire macula (6 × 6 mm) were computed. A central horizontal B-scan was binarized and the luminal and stromal portions of the choroid were segmented. Choroidal vascularity index (%) was calculated as the ratio of luminal area to total choroid area. Choroidal parameters were compared between the groups by pairwise comparisons using the Student's t-test.
The CVI was significantly lower in healthy eyes compared to those with RPD (53.43 ± 8.51 vs. 54.76 ± 4.83, P < 0.001). The CVI was also significantly lower in NNVAMD eyes without RPD compared to those with RPD (50.09 ± 7.51 vs. 54.76 ± 4.83, P = 0.006). There was no difference in CVI between healthy eyes and NNVAMD eyes without RPD (P = 0.84). Choroidal thickness and choroidal volume were significantly higher in NNVAMD without RPD (P < 0.05); and significantly lower in NNVAMD with RPD (P < 0.05) when compared with normal eyes. Choroidal intensity was significantly higher in NNVAMD with RPD when compared with normal eyes (P = 0.02) and NNVAMD eyes without RPD (P = 0.001).
Multiple choroidal parameters reflecting the status of the choroidal vasculature and stroma seem to be altered in eyes with RPD compared with both normal eyes and NNVAMD eyes without RPD. These findings may provide insights into the pathophysiology of RPD.