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OVERVIEW OF THE COMPLICATIONS OF HIGH MYOPIA

Ikuno, Yasushi MD

doi: 10.1097/IAE.0000000000001489
Original Study
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High myopia is very common and one of the major causes of social blindness, especially in East Asian countries. It is characterized by axial length elongation, and induces various specific complications, including cataract formation, retinal detachment from peripheral retinal tears, myopic foveoschisis, macular hole with or without retinal detachment, peripapillary deformation, dome-shaped macula, choroidal/scleral thinning, myopic choroidal neovascularization, and glaucoma. This article will review these complications and discuss the current concepts relating to these complications and their treatments.

Conclusion: This information will be helpful for the daily practice of treating myopic eyes.

The author reviewed the complications associated with high myopia, including cataract formation, retinal detachment from peripheral retinal tears, myopic foveoschisis, macular hole with or without retinal detachment, peripapillary deformation, dome-shaped macula, choroidal/scleral thinning, myopic choroidal neovascularization, and glaucoma.

Ikuno Eye Center, Osaka, Japan.

Reprint requests: Yasushi Ikuno, MD, Ikuno Eye Center, 2-9-10 Juso-Higashi, Yodogawa-Ku, Osaka 532-0023, Japan; e-mail: yasushi.ikuno@gmail.com

The author does not have any financial/conflicting interests to disclose.

© 2017 by Ophthalmic Communications Society, Inc.