To compare functional and anatomical responses to intravitreal bevacizumab
in patients with exudative age-related macular degeneration
(AMD) between two groups of patients with obstructive sleep apnea
(OSA) with and without treatment with continuous positive airway pressure therapy.
Patients with OSA were categorized into 2 groups: 18 untreated and 20 treated with continuous positive airway pressure therapy. All patients had exudative AMD and received treatment with intravitreal bevacizumab
. Central retinal thickness was plotted against time to assess anatomical response. Logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution visual acuity changes determined functional effect. Total number of intravitreal injections administered was assessed.
Treated OSA group received 8 ± 7 total injections; untreated OSA group received 16 ± 4 injections (P
< 0.05). Treated OSA group achieved statistically significant better visual acuity (logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution, 0.3 ± 0.24, 20/40), as opposed to the untreated group (logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution, 0.7 ± 0.41; P
< 0.05). Central retinal thickness improved in the treated OSA group compared with the untreated group: 358 ± 95 μ
m to 254 ± 45 μ
m and 350 ± 75 μ
m to 322 ± 105 μ
m, respectively (P
< 0.05, 20/100).
Untreated OSA hinders the response of exudative AMD to intravitreal bevacizumab
. Treatment of OSA with continuous positive airway pressure therapy yields a subsequent anatomical response and functional improvement while requiring significantly less injections. Identifying and treating underlying OSA earlier in patients with exudative AMD may yield better functional outcomes.