To report the outcomes of combined cataract surgery with toric intraocular lens (IOL) implantation when performed in conjunction with transconjunctival sutureless pars plana vitrectomy.
Retrospective interventional case series.
Consecutive series of 55 eyes of 51 patients from April 2007 to December of 2010.
All eyes underwent combined simultaneous small incision cataract surgery, toric IOL implantation, and transconjunctival sutureless vitrectomy surgery.
Main Outcome Measures:
Postoperative visual acuity, postoperative astigmatism, and rotational stability of the IOL.
Preoperative best-corrected visual acuity was 0.32 ± 0.15 logMar (Snellen 20/43) and improved to 0.16 ± 0.10 (Snellen 20/29) postoperatively uncorrected (P < 0.01) and to 0.08 ± 0.11 best-corrected (Snellen 20/24) (P < 0.01). Preoperative astigmatism was 1.75 ± 1.0 diopters (D) (range, 0–4.75 D) and improved to 0.5 ± 0.50 D (range, 0–2.5 D) postoperatively (P < 0.01). Final measured postoperative IOL axis deviation from target axis was 4 ± 6° (range, 0–32). Final IOL axis was within 5° of target in 47 (85%) eyes, within 10 degrees of target in 51 (93%) eyes, and was within 15° of target in 52 (95%) eyes.
Toric lens position and axis remained stable after implantation during combined cataract surgery and transconjunctival sutureless vitrectomy.