The purpose of this study was to compare photodynamic therapy (PDT), ranibizumab, and ranibizumab with PDT in polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy.
In this retrospective comparative study, 30 eyes of 30 patients with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy were assigned to 1 of the 3 groups. The patients in Group 1 (n = 11) received 1 session of PDT. The patients in Group 2 (n = 10) received 3 monthly intravitreal injections of 0.5 mg ranibizumab, and the patients in Group 3 (n = 9) received 1 session of PDT and 3 injections of 0.5 mg ranibizumab. Retreatment, with the same therapeutic scheme in each group, was considered in case of leaking polyps on the indocyanine green angiography in Groups 1 and 3 and persistence or recurrence of subretinal fluid, intraretinal fluid, and/or hemorrhages in Group 2.
All the patients completed 12 months of follow-up. The visual acuity in the patients of Group 1 improved by 0.25 logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution units (P < 0.001), whereas the differences in the visual acuity in the other 2 groups were not statistically significant (0.04 logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution, P = 0.8118 in Group 2 and 0.18 logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution, P > 0.05 in Group 3). Of the patients in Group 1, 45.45% gained more than 3 lines (P = 0.0056), whereas no patient in Groups 2 and 3 experienced such a difference. No patient in Group 1 and 11.1% (n = 1) in Group 3 had angiographically evident polyps at 12 months, whereas 90% (n = 9) of the patients in Group 2 had persistent leakage. No extensive submacular hemorrhage or other complications were noted during the follow-up period.
Photodynamic therapy resulted in a significantly better outcome at the end of the follow-up, whereas the patients who received ranibizumab or PDT and ranibizumab experienced a stabilization of the disease.
In this retrospective study, ranibizumab alone and with photodynamic therapy resulted in stabilization of polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy, whereas photodynamic therapy resulted in a significantly better outcome at the end of the follow-up.
From the *2nd Department of Ophthalmology, Medical School of Athens University, Athens, Greece; †Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts; and ‡1st Department of Ophthalmology, Medical School of Athens University, Athens, Greece.
A.A.R. and T.D.P. contributed equally to this work.
The authors have no proprietary interest in the subject matter of the presentation.
Reprint requests: Alexandros A. Rouvas, 2nd Department of Ophthalmology, Attikon University Hospital, University of Athens Medical School, 1 Rimini Street, Haidari, Athens, Greece; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org