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EVALUATION OF SEGMENTATION PROCEDURES USING SPECTRAL DOMAIN OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY IN EXUDATIVE AGE-RELATED MACULAR DEGENERATION

Malamos, Panagiotis MD*; Ahlers, Christian MD*; Mylonas, Giorgos MD*; Schütze, Christopher MD*; Deak, Gabor MD*†; Ritter, Markus MD*; Sacu, Stefan MD*; Schmidt-Erfurth, Ursula MD*

doi: 10.1097/IAE.0b013e3181eef031
Original Study
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Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate standardized automated segmentation procedures of spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) in imaging of age-related macular degeneration.

Methods: Twenty-nine eyes of 29 patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration were included. Three groups were assigned, according to the predominant localization of extravasated fluid in the intra-, subretinal, and subretinal pigment epithelium (RPE) compartment. Automated segmentation procedures were evaluated in B scans of 512 × 128 × 1024 and 200 × 200 × 1024 scan patterns using SD-OCT (Cirrus). Alignment errors at the internal limiting membrane, actual RPE, and extrapolation of the physiologic RPE (RPE fit) were graded using a standardized classification system.

Results: The rate of severe alignment failures was 56% and 41% for the 512 × 128 and the 200 × 200 raster pattern, respectively. Internal limiting membrane and actual RPE boundaries were most correctly delineated in the 200 × 200 raster pattern. Retinal pigment epithelium fit alignment was generally poor in 50% of scans. Retinal thickness values defined by internal limiting membrane and actual RPE segmentation were 90% accurate and not compromised by RPE fit misalignment. Subretinal fluid was demarcated most reliably. Alignment errors may occur together with a large spectrum of morphologic alterations.

Conclusion: Automated algorithms of SD-OCT demonstrate a substantial rate of alignment failures in the assessment of exudative age-related macular degeneration pathologies, which are usually associated with misinterpretation of boundaries at the (sub) RPE level.

Segmentation procedures of high-definition spectral domain Cirrus OCT (Zeiss Meditec) were evaluated in patients with neovascular fluid. Subretinal fluid and 200 × 200 raster scans were most reliably demarcated. Severe alignment age-related macular degeneration in respect to differential accumulation of exudative failures can lead to misinterpretation of subretinal pigment epithelium level.

From the *Department of Ophthalmology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria; and †Department of Ophthalmology, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary.

None of the authors have a commercial interest in any of the materials or methods mentioned.

Reprint requests: Stefan Sacu, MD, Department of Ophthalmology, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, A-1090 Vienna, Austria; e-mail: stefan.sacu@meduniwien.ac.at

© The Ophthalmic Communications Society, Inc.