Background:Cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita is a rare, cutaneous, reticulated, vascular anomaly characterized by congenital persistent cutis marmorata, telangiectasis, and phlebectasis. While systemic abnormalities frequently are associated with cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita, ophthalmic abnormalities are quite rare and include congenital glaucoma and congenital, bilateral, total retinal detachments with secondary glaucoma.
Methods:The authors report a case of bilateral, tractional retinal detachments associated with peripheral fibrovascular proliferation simulating familial exudative vitreoretinopathy in a female child with cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita. Molecular genetic analysis of the Norrie's disease gene was performed.
Results:After vitrectomy, the posterior poles of both eyes were reattached successfully. No abnormalities of the Norrie's disease gene were identified.
Conclusion:Bilateral exudative vitreoretinopathy is a rare ophthalmic manifestation associated with cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita.
Supported in part by the Heed Ophthalmic Foundation (Dr. Pendergast).
Dr. Pendergast is currently affiliated with Retina Associates of Cleveland. Inc., Beachwood, Ohio.
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