Physical activity is associated with a decreased risk of mortality among cancer survivors and promotes heart health in a population of patients with cancer at risk for cardiovascular disease. Unfortunately, the majority of cancer survivors do not meet national physical activity guidelines. A wide range of strategies, including education, coaching, and behavioral change theories, have been used in interventions aimed at increasing physical activity among cancer survivors. We sought to review the most compelling practices to inform oncology rehabilitation programs focused on improving physical activity among cancer survivors. We identify both effective and ineffective strategies for behavioral change, as well as highlight areas where more research focus is needed to improve physical activity among cancer survivors.
1Medical student, Larner College of Medicine, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT
2Associate Professor, Department of Clinical Cancer Prevention & Cardiology, University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX
Correspondence: Susan C. Gilchrist, MD, MS, Department of Clinical Cancer Prevention & Cardiology, The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, 1155 Pressler Dr, Unit 1360, Houston, TX 77030 (firstname.lastname@example.org).
The authors declare no conflicts of interest.