The purpose of this systematic review was to summarize the effectiveness of interventions in the literature to improve adherence to continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment in patients with excessive daytime sleepiness.
In this review, we considered only randomized controlled trials that included interventions to improve CPAP adherence in adult obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients with high daytime sleepiness.
Eight trials were included in this review. The types of interventions to improve adherence to CPAP can be grouped into educational, technological, pharmacological, and multidimensional interventions.
Educational programs can increase CPAP adherence in OSA patients. As nurses are the main clinicians responsible for device use for patients, the therapeutic strategies to improve CPAP adherence are important in their clinical setting. Therefore, the nursing work related to the use of CPAP has a great impact on the quality of life and mortality of patients with OSA.
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1 Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Granada, Granada, Spain
2 Department of Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Granada, Granada, Spain
Correspondence: Marie Carmen Valenza, Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Granada, Av. De la Ilustración 60, 18016 Granada, Spain. E-mail: email@example.com