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Acupunch Exercise Program Development and Feasibility Evaluation for Older Adults

Tsai, Han-Ya, MS, RN1; Chen, Kuei-Min, PhD, RN, FAAN2,3; Huang, Hsin-Ting, BS2

doi: 10.1097/rnj.0000000000000157
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Purpose The aim of the study was to develop the Healthy Beat Acupunch (HBA) exercise program and evaluate its feasibility for community older adults.

Design Stage I: The Delphi technique was used to consult 16 experts to develop the program. Stage II: A preexperimental, one-group, posttest-only design was used to pilot-test the program feasibility with 31 older adults.

Methods After 4 weeks of interventions, participants evaluated the program based on four criteria (simplicity, safety, suitability, and helpfulness) and responded to five open-ended questions.

Findings The developed HBA program from Stage I includes three phases with 24 motions and takes 40 minutes to complete. Program feasibility in Stage II showed average scores ranged from 8.84 ± 1.32 to 9.97 ± 0.18.

Conclusion Both experts and elderly participants confirmed that the HBA program was simple, safe, suitable, and helpful to older adults.

Clinical Relevance The HBA program provides older adults with a new set of exercise option.

1 Ming Shan Tzu-An-Home Assisted Living Facility, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

2 College of Nursing, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

3 Department of Medical Research, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Correspondence: Kuei-Min Chen, PhD, RN, FAAN, College of Nursing, Kaohsiung Medical University; Department of Medical Research, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, 100 Shih-Chuan 1st Rd., Sanmin District, Kaohsiung 80708, Taiwan. E-mail:

Cite this article as: Tsai, H. Y., Chen K.M., & Huang, H.T. (2018). Acupunch exercise program development and feasibility evaluation for older adults. Rehabilitation Nursing, 00(0), 00–00. doi: 10.1097/rnj.0000000000000157

© 2019 Association of Rehabilitation Nurses.
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