Feature: PDF OnlyPhysical and Cognitive Training to Enhance Intensive Care Unit Survivors’ Cognition A Mapping ReviewLasiter, Sue PhD, RN1; Chrisman, Matthew PhD1; Snodgrass, Britney MSN, RN, CPNP-PC2; Thompson, Marie MLS3; Harmon, Katherine MSN, RN, SCRN4Author Information 1 School of Nursing and Health Studies, University of Missouri–Kansas City, Kansas City, MO, USA 2 Children’s Mercy Hospital, Kansas City, MO, USA 3 Health Sciences Library, University of Missouri–Kansas City, Kansas City, MO, USA 4 St. Luke’s Hospital, Kansas City, MO, USA Correspondence: Sue Lasiter, PhD, RN, School of Nursing and Health Studies, University of Missouri–Kansas City, 2464 Charlotte St., HSB 2400, Kansas City, MO 64108. E-mail: [email protected] Cite this article as: Lasiter, S., Chrisman, M., Snodgrass, B., Thompson, M., & Harmon, K. (2021). Physical and cognitive training to enhance intensive care unit survivors’ cognition: A mapping review. Rehabilitation Nursing, 00(00), 00–00. doi: 10.1097/RNJ.0000000000000325 Rehabilitation Nursing: April 7, 2021 - Volume - Issue - doi: 10.1097/RNJ.0000000000000325 Buy PAP Metrics Abstract Purpose The aim of this study was to examine current literature regarding effects of physical or cognitive training and simultaneous (dual-task) physical and cognitive training on cognition in adults surviving an intensive care unit (ICU) stay. Design Systematic mapping. Methods A literature search was conducted to examine effects of physical and/or cognitive training on cognitive processes. Results Few studies targeted adults surviving ICU. Independently, physical and cognitive interventions improved cognition in healthy older adults with and without cognitive impairment. Simultaneous interventions may improve executive function. Small sample size and heterogeneity of interventions limited the ability to make inferences. Conclusion Literature supports positive effects of single- and dual-task training on recovering cognition in adults. This training could benefit ICU survivors who need to regain cognitive function and prevent future decline. Relevance to Practice With the growing number of ICU survivors experiencing cognitive deficits, it is essential to develop and test interventions that restore cognitive function in this understudied population. © 2021 Association of Rehabilitation Nurses.